Palace: Display photos of national heroes instead of officials in gov't buildings

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Metro Manila (CNN Philippines, September 27) — Photos featuring national heroes will soon be more visible in government buildings, to replace that of elected and appointed officials.

Malacañang issued Memorandum Circular No. 25 on Sept. 15 directing all government agencies, state universities and colleges, public schools, as well as government-owned or -controlled corporations to "exhibit photographs, paintings, or other forms of visual representations of Philippine heroes" in lieu of the ones featuring elected or appointed officials.

"It is the policy of the State to promote and popularize the nation's historical and cultural heritage," the circular read.

It added that under Section 17, Article II of the 1987 Constitution, it is the duty of the government to "foster patriotism and nationalism."


Malacañang said the circular shall "take effect immediately."

How are heroes chosen?

In 1993, President Fidel Ramos issued Executive Order No.75 entitled, "Creating the National Heroes Committee Under the Office of the President."

The committee created a Criteria for National Heroes that sets guidelines for defining and deliberating on who should be hero.

To determine which Filipinos are to considered national heroes, they must embody a concept of nation and aspire and struggle for the nation's freedom; contribute to a system or life of freedom and order for a nation; and contribute to the quality of life and destiny of a nation.