After the crisis: Authorities, residents face challenges in rebuilding Marawi

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Metro Manila (CNN Philippines, October 24) — After five months of intense firefights and airstrikes in Marawi, the residents and the government face the daunting task of rebuilding the war-torn city.

Defense Chief Delfin Lorenzana on Monday declared the end of all offensives against the terror group Maute, although the military on Tuesday said troops are still after a handful of Maute members hiding in the city.

READ: Fighting in Marawi City is over

Marawi Mayor Majul Gandamra said about one-third of the entire city was physically affected by the firefights. However, the entire city population, including about 360,000 internally displaced people, are in need of physical, emotional, and financial help.

"Wala pa talagang concrete plan (We don't have a concrete plan yet), but a few days ago, we submitted the Task Force Bangon Marawi the consolidated masterplan," Gandamra told CNN Philippines' News Night.

He said the masterplan is still subject to changes from urban planning and engineering experts, and will include other towns near Marawi that have been affected by the crisis.

The mayor said while the rehabilitation proper has yet to begin, they are already building 1,100 transitional homes in Barangay Sagonsongan for the first batch of evacuees, to help decongest the evacuation centers.

Gandamra added they need at least 6,000 temporary shelters to house other displaced families.

READ: Gov't shifts focus to Marawi rehab as residents prepare to come home

President Rodrigo Duterte in September said the P50 billion initially pledged by the government is not enough to rebuild Marawi.

Australia has initially pledged P1 billion, United States P730 million, Thailand P100 million, China P85 million (with a specified P70 million for soldiers wounded in action and P5 million for Marawi rehabilitation), and the European Union P49 million.

Urban planner and renowned architect Jun Palafox earlier told CNN Philippines it may take up to 50 years to rebuild Marawi because of the extent of the damage.

READ: Islamic studies expert: Where will Marawi get funds?

For Lanao del Sur Crisis Management Committee Spokesperson Zia Alonto Adiong, the Marawi crisis opened up opportunities for the government to resolve issues over ancestral lands.

"I think the Marawi siege is the perfect opportunity for the President to really correct historical injustice, as he pronounced over and over again when he talks about Moro issue," Adiong said.

A recently rediscovered 1953 Presidential Decree gave large parts of Marawi and nearby areas, including the Lake Lanao to the military, but Adiong said this could be overturned by a new order by Duterte.

"We have to have a social healing process," he said, saying resolving land issues would help in the city's rehabilitation.

Adiong added Lake Lanao could be a source of revenue using it for hydroelectric power and be tapped for the rehabilitation funding.

While the government could provide shelter and initial funding for the rehabilitation, Presidential Adviser on Entrepreneurship Joey Concepcion said the private sector could help residents with their livelihood.

"You need to have a sustainable effort and teaching them on a livelihood project, especially on the agriculture sector, that's how we're going to support them," he said.

Concepcion also said that while physical rehabilitation of the city should be prioritized, the citizens themselves must have a forward-looking attitude.

"I think the rebuilding has to come not structurally only…it has to come from building the kind of attitude and outlook these citizens should look forward to," he said.