What are the challenges to Duterte's plans?

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Metro Manila (CNN Philippines) — Can he do it?

Although Rodrigo Duterte is adept at being a local executive after serving as Davao City Mayor for over two decades, it will be his first time to assume a national position now that he is the nation’s president, and this will be his biggest challenge.

Maria Fe Mendoza, Dean of the UP Diliman National College of Public Administration and Governance, told CNN Philippines the challenge will be to fulfill his promises to quickly bring change on a national scale.

Mendoza cited one of Duterte’s statements during the final presidential debate on April 24 when he said that it will only take him a week as President to end contractualization, a widely criticized employment scheme employers use to avoid regularizing workers and thus denying them full employment benefits.

"I will talk to the House Speaker and the Senate President ... I will talk to the majority: You need to pass this bill immediately. I need it first week of my administration," Duterte said then.

It won’t be that quick and easy, according to Mendoza. For one thing, Duterte will have to work with the much larger national bureaucracy, she said.

"At the local level, you can just get the ordinance from the Sanggunian, and if you control the Sanggunian, it's okay, things will be working out well,” she said.

However, at the national level, Duterte will have to deal with two houses of Congress, she said.

Nevertheless, she said the prospect of "supermajority" supporting Duterte in Congress could help him reach his goals.

According to Davao del Norte First District Rep. Pantaleon Alvarez this majority could have over 200 representatives from members of the Nacionalista Party (NP), National Unity Party (NUP), Nationalist People's Coalition (NPC), and Lakas-CMD.

Outgoing Speaker Sonny Belmonte has also indicated the possibility of the Liberal Party joining the majority.

Among other things, Duterte is pushing for a federal form of government. He sees it as the road to peace in Mindanao and a catalyst for inclusive economic growth.

Ateneo School of Management Dean Luis Dumlao is hoping that Duterte will discuss "fiscal federalism" apart from the political aspects of the form of government.

"If you speak of fiscal federalism, that means ARMM (Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao) will have to tax itself when ARMM does not have income. If that’s how it’s going to be, then how is ARMM going to finance itself?" Dumlao said.

Dumlao said Filipinos can learn about Duterte's policies by listening to members of his Cabinet.

"For instance, the incoming Department of Finance Secretary, (Sonny) Dominguez, talked about cutting poverty from 25% to 16% in six years. Although it’s a motherhood statement it’s something that’s different [in] that we have a finance person finally talking about poverty issues," Dumlao said.

Dumlao said that unlike Dominguez, who talks about issues understood by ordinary Filipinos, outgoing finance chief, Cesar Purisima would discuss more technical terms such as the budget, inflation, and tariffs.

It remains to be seen if Duterte can fulfill his promises, given the support he can rely on from Congress.

"I believe he has the numbers,” Mendoza said. “So many of the congressmen and the senators have been saying that they have the marching orders for the change of the constitution, for federalism, for the RH law, for the tax reform. So they have the numbers and these legislators will support the campaign promises.”