Duterte airs misgivings on Paris Agreement

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(File photo) President Rodrigo Duterte

Metro Manila (CNN Philippines) — President Rodrigo Duterte said he may "withdraw" the Philippines from the Paris Agreement if "nations controlling the interests" in the agreement fail to address his misgivings.

The United Nations Website says the Philippines is a signatory, but has not yet ratified the treaty.

Also read: President Duterte urged to ratify global pact on climate change

Duterte questioned a yearly collective fund that developed countries would mobilize by 2020 to help developing countries transition to a low-carbon future. The fund has a floor of $100 billion.

"Would I be a member and you dictate the terms because you are the contributors of the common 200 billion [sic. $100 billion] na wala pang siguro (that might not even be there yet)?"

Among other things, the agreement says it "strongly urges developed country Parties to scale up their level of financial support, with a concrete road map to achieve the goal of jointly providing USD 100 billion annually by 2020."

Duterte said that the agreement was "binding," but stressed his misgiving: "Ang problema kapag binasa ko pabalik-balik (my problem is, reading the agreement over and over), there is no sanction. So what's the..? You have a binding agreement and there is no sanction for a violation."

The President was concerned that "small nations" would "have to obey" if they are lumped together with big nations."

"Kapag ang China pati Russia, Amerika, ayaw nilang maniwala (if China, Russia, and America refuse to abide), can we pressure them to obey? Especially America. He was not a signatory in Kyoto Protocol. That was the first attempt to really try to create a body to control carbon emissions. And yet America did not sign it for the longest time."

"You know how the big nations really go around treaties and convention to circumvent? Iyan ang problema natin. Kaya sabi ko ayaw ko niyan [That's our problem, and I said I din't want that]," Duterte added.

The agreement came into force on November 4 this year. The Constitution requires a concurrence by at least two-thirds of Senators for a treaty to be valid.

Also read: Philippines reversal on Paris climate deal a risk, experts say