Highest in 5 years: 13.1 million families considered themselves poor in Q4

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Metro Manila (CNN Philippines, January 23) — Fifty-four percent of Filipino families considered themselves poor during the last quarter of 2019 – the highest self-rated poverty recorded by the Social Weather Stations in five years.

The latest rating is just one percentage point below the record-high 55 percent in September 2014.

The SWS said that based on the results of their latest survey conducted December 13-16, 2019, around 13.1 million Filipino families experienced poverty from October to December that year.

A total of 1,200 adults were interviewed nationwide.

Thirty-five percent of the respondents also described themselves as poor based on the food they eat.

They were asked, "Sa klase ng pagkain ng pamilya ninyo, saan po ninyo ilalagay ang inyong pamilya sa kard na ito?"

[Translation: Based on the type of food eaten by your family, where would you place your family on this card?]

They were shown the choices "hindi mahirap (not poor), sa linya (on the line), and mahirap (poor)."

Those who considered themselves poor said they need at least ₱12, 000 monthly to rise from poverty. Half of them said they need ₱5,000 more to meet this amount.

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Meanwhile, respondents said they need a monthly food budget of ₱5,000 to stop being food-poor. Half of them needs up to ₱3,000 to meet their expenses for food.

A previous SWS poll in September 2019 showed that only 42 percent of the respondents considered themselves poor, adding that this was equivalent to an estimated 10.3 million Filipino families. Meanwhile, only 29 percent or 7.1 million families were food-poor.