2.1 million Filipino families felt hunger in Q4 2019 – SWS

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Over two million Filipino families experienced involuntary hunger in the last three months of 2019, according to a non-commissioned survey. (FILE PHOTO)

Metro Manila (CNN Philippines, January 24) — Over two million Filipino families experienced involuntary hunger in the last three months of 2019, according to a non-commissioned survey.

A Social Weather Station (SWS) survey in December which was published on Friday, said 8.8 percent of Filipino families or about 2.1 million felt hunger due to lack of food.

This is slightly lower than the previous survey results in September which stated that 2.3 million families or 9.1 percent suffered hunger. The national hunger rate declined by 0.3 percent. .

The December hunger rate is also the lowest since the 7.4 percent score in March 2014.

SWS said the recovery was due to the combined scores of those who felt "moderate hunger" — meaning experienced hunger "only once" or "a few times" — and those who suffered "severe hunger" — which meant they experienced hunger "often" or "always." The survey showed 7.3 percent experienced moderate hunger while 1.5 percent felt severe hunger.

The hunger rate decreased in Balance Luzon from 8.1 percent to 6.3 percent — a 1.8-point decline. However, this was offset by upticks in hunger rates in Metro Manila (one point), Visayas (0.6 point) and Mindanao (0.8 point). Metro Manila and the Visayas both scored 9.3 percent each while Mindanao had a hunger rate of 12.7 percent.

SWS noted that although the number of self-rated poor and self-rated food-poor families increased during the same period, the hunger rates fell among these households. It said a self-rated poor family means the head of the household rated the family as poor. If the household head considered the family as food-poor, the family is classified as self-rated food-poor.

The total hunger rate for self-rated poor families dropped from 14 percent to 12.8 percent while the rate of self-rated food-poor families slightly decreased from 15.8 percent to 15.5 percent.

The survey was conducted on December 13 to 16 through face-to-face interviews with 1,200 adults or heads of households. There were 300 interviewees each from Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, the Visayas and Mindanao. The survey had sampling error margins of ±3% for national percentages, and ±6% each for Metro Manila, Balance Luzon, Visayas, and Mindanao.