There's no agreement to establish no-fly zone in Turkey, senior U.S. official says

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(CNN) — Ahead of a hastily called NATO meeting, a senior Obama administration official told CNN on Monday (July 27) there is no agreement with Turkey to establish a no-fly zone in the country.

But, the official said, Turkey has granted the U.S. access to its air bases to push back ISIS militants, so essentially that arrangement creates "nearly the same effect" as a no-fly zone.

"What we are talking about with Turkey is cooperating to support partners on the ground in northern Syria who are countering ISIL," a second senior administration official said. "The goal is to establish an ISIL-free zone and ensure greater security and stability along Turkey's border with Syria."

ISIL – the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – is sometimes used instead of the acronym ISIS.

Retired Lt. Col. Rick Francona, a CNN military analyst, said setting up operations in Turkey presents challenges. The area the U.S. is considering a "safe zone" is on the Turkish border that, he said, is "still controlled by ISIS."

"The problem is this is an area being bombed almost daily by the Syrian air force," he said. "So what happens when we set up a safe zone there and the Syrians want to conduct operations against people we're supporting? Are we going to go head-to-head with the Syrian air force? So this is setting up a real dangerous situation."

Turkey requested the extraordinary NATO meeting under Article 4 of NATO's founding treaty, which allows countries to ask for consultations when they believe their territorial integrity, political independence or security is threatened.

The talks will come as Turkey grapples with violence near its southern border with Syria. A car bomb exploded Sunday (July 26) in southern Turkey, killing two security officers and wounding four other people, according to officials.

On Thursday (July 23), at least five ISIS militants in northern Syria approached the border and fired on a Turkish border unit, killing a soldier and wounding two others, the Turkish military said.

Authorities say ISIS is also to blame for the July 20 suicide blast that killed more than 30 people in Suruc, a Turkish city on the Syrian border.

The Kurdistan Worker's Party, or PKK, killed two Turkish police officers Wednesday. Turkish leaders believe the PKK, which has been fighting for independence since 1984, is exploiting ISIS' gains.

CNN's Dana Ford and Jim Acosta contributed to this report.

This story was first published on, "There's no agreement to establish no-fly zone in Turkey, senior U.S. official says."